INDONESIAN Accused of Violating Human Rights
Jayapura – Indonesia continues to come under scrutiny for alleged human rights violations of the Universal Periodic Review of the United Nations (UN Universal Periodic Review). Amnesty International human rights observer of the world and then wrote to the President of Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and asked to review the laws and regulations that restrict certain rights of freedom of expression, thought, conscience, and religion.
“Indonesian security forces continue to face charges of human rights violations (HAM), including torture and other ill-treatment and the use of force and firearms excessive. In fact, at least 76 prisoners of conscience (prisoners of conscience) remain behind bars. Intimidation and attacks against religious minorities more intense. Laws, policies, and practices that discriminate prevent women and girls in the enjoyment of their rights, in particular, the right to sexual health and reproduction. There is no progress in bringing perpetrators of past human rights violations to justice.
No executions were reported, “said Amnesty International activists to campaign in Indonesia Josef Benedic through electronic messaging, Thursday, May 23.
He continued, the Indonesian government also rejected a key recommendation to review the laws and regulations that restrict certain rights of freedom of expression, thought, conscience, and religion. “Indonesia presented its report on CEDAW (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women). In November, Indonesia adopted the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, despite great concern that the declaration fell short of international standards, “he explained.
Indonesian legislative framework remains inadequate to act on allegations of torture and other ill-treatment. “Caning still used as a form of punishment for violations of Shari’a in Aceh province. At least 45 people throughout the year caned for gambling and due to be alone with someone of the opposite sex who is not a marriage partner or relatives (seclusion), “he explained.
Police and security forces
Police repeatedly accused of human rights violations, including the use of force and firearms in excess, torture and other ill-treatment. Internal and external accountability mechanisms fail to address police abuses committed by the police, and an investigation into human rights violations are rare.
“17 men from East Nusa Tenggara arbitrarily detained on suspicion of the murder of a policeman. They allegedly stripped of his clothes, handcuffed and beaten for 12 days in custody by the Police Sector (Police) Barat.Beberapa Sabu suffered puncture wounds and broken bones. Several police reportedly forced to drink their own urine. They were released without charge at the end of June due to lack of evidence “.
“The Indonesian security forces, including police and military, accused of human rights abuses in Papua. Torture and ill-treatment, use of excessive force and firearms and the possibility of extra-judicial killings reportedly occurred. In many cases, the perpetrators are not brought to justice and victims receive reparations “.
Similarly, a number of cases that occurred in Papua, among other cases, Mako Tabuni, Papuan political activist and deputy chairman of the pro-independence West Papua National Committee (KNPB), was shot dead by police in Waena, near Jayapura, Papua Province. . There is no impartial or independent investigation of the killings. soldiers attacked a village in Wamena, Papua Province, in retaliation for the death of two officers and wound them. They reportedly opened fire blindly, stabbing dozens of people with bayonet-resulting in one death-and burned a number of houses, buildings, and vehicles.
In August, police and military officers in Yapen Island, Papua province, forcibly disperse peaceful demonstrations International Day of World’s Indigenous Peoples. Security forces opened fire into the air and catch arbitrarily at least six demonstrators. Some reported being beaten during his arrest.
of police officers in Papua Jayawijaya arbitrarily arrested and allegedly slapped, hit, and kicked five men in an attempt to force them to admit the killing. No running investigation of these offenses, “he said.
Freedom of expression
Authorities continue to use repressive laws to criminalize peaceful political activists. At least 70 people from Papua and Maluku jailed for peacefully expressing their views.
L “ima Papuan political activists prosecuted on charges of” rebellion “under Article 106 Code of Criminal Law (Penal Code) was sentenced to three years in prison for their involvement in the Third Papuan People’s Congress, a peaceful gathering in Abepura in October 2011”.
Prisoners of conscience Moluccas, Johan Teterissa, who underwent 15 years in prison, kicked, and beaten with electric cables following the removal of Madiun Prison to Batu Prison on Nusakambangan Island, Central Java. He did not receive medical help after beating it.
Human rights defenders and journalists continued to experience intimidation and attacks due to their work. International observers, including NGOs and journalists, constantly impeded the free and unlimited access to the territory of Papua.
Tantowi Anwari, activists from the United Journalists for Diversity (COOL) was beaten and kicked by members of the militant organization, the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) in Bekasi, West Java. Tantowi report to the police, but there was no progress on the case until the end of the year.
Papuan human rights lawyer, Olga Hamadi, was threatened after investigating allegations of torture and ill-treatment in police in a murder case in Wamena, Papua Province. There is no investigation into these threats, and the security hazards remain.
Freedom of religion and belief
Authorities menngunakan article about sedition and blasphemy to criminalize freedom of religion, the freedom of expression, thought and belief. At least six prisoners of conscience remain behind bars because of the demands of sedition and blasphemy.
In June, Alexander Aan, an atheist, was sentenced to two and a half years in prison and a fine of 100 million rupiah (U.S. $ 10.600) for incitement after he put up a statement and images which some people considered insulting Islam and the Prophet Muhammad.
In July, Tajul Muluk, Shi’a Muslim religious leaders from East Java, was sentenced to two years in prison for blasphemy under section 156 (a) of the Criminal Code by Sampang District Court. Local human rights groups and legal experts expressed their concern over the issue of fairness. In September, the punishment is increased up to four years on appeal.
Ahmadiyya religious minorities-including, Shi’a and Christian-facing discrimination, intimidation and attacks continuously. In many cases the authorities failed to provide adequate protection for them or bring perpetrators to justice.
In August, one person was killed and dozens were injured when a mob attacked the Shi’a community in Sampang, East Java. According to the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) the police did not take precautionary measures to protect the community.
At least 34 families of the Ahmadiyya community in West Nusa Tenggara, which attacked and uprooted from her home in 2006 because of their beliefs, continue to live in temporary shelters in the city of Lombok, Mataram. No one was prosecuted for the attack.
The authorities refused to carry out the decision of the Supreme Court in 2010 and 2011 to open a Christian Church in Taman Yasmin Bogor and Batak Christian Protestant Filadelfia Church in Bekasi. The church is still sealed off by local authorities since 2010. Both congregations remain at risk for the disruption and intimidation from extremists for continuing to worship outside their building.
Women and girls continue to face obstacles in the enjoyment of the rights of sexual and reproductive health. In July, the CEDAW Committee recommended that the government of Indonesia to promote understanding of the rights and sexual and reproductive health, including the unmarried women and women domestic workers (PRT). The Committee also recommends that women be given access to contraception without their husband’s approval.
In 2010 the government regulations that allow “female circumcision” remain in effect, violate Indonesia’s obligations based on international human rights law. CEDAW Committee asked the Indonesian government to repeal these regulations and adopt laws that criminalize such practices.
For the third consecutive year, the parliament failed to discuss and ratify the Law Protection of Domestic Workers, resulting in domestic workers, mostly women and girls, vulnerable to economic exploitation and peningkaran their rights over working conditions, health and education fair. Although Indonesia has ratified the 1990 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and their Families in May, the lack of adequate legal protection in this country make migrant domestic workers, mostly women and girls, are exposed to the practice of forced labor and human rights violations in Indonesia and abroad.
There is little progress in providing justice, truth and reparations for past human rights violations, including in Aceh, Papua and Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor). Survivors of sexual violence have not received health care or medical care, psychological, sexual, and reproductive and mental health
adequate. In September, the Indonesian government announced in the UN Human Rights Council that they are finalizing the new Law on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission; however, no progress is reported. A cross-institutional team that established the President in 2011 to plan the completion of past human rights violations have not announced any concrete plans.
In July, the Commission sent a report to the Attorney General’s Office over possible crimes against humanity (crimes against humanity) committed against members of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and their suspected communist sympathizers within the context of the failed 1965 coup. Commission asked the Attorney General to launch an official investigation, to bring the perpetrators before the court and establish a truth and reconciliation commission. No progress was reported.
In September, Aceh Provincial Parliament announced the postponement of the establishment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Aceh. This makes the victims and their families without a formal mechanism to uncover the truth for the violations they experienced during the conflict or for the whereabouts of their loved menungkapkan fate who were killed or disappeared.
President fails to follow the recommendations of parliament in 2009 to bring them into the presence of the court involved in the disappearance 13 pro-democracy activists in 1997 and 1998, to immediately conduct a search missing activists and provide rehabilitation and compensation to their families.
The government failed to implement recommendations made by the Commission of Truth and Friendship Indonesia-Timor-Leste, particularly in the form of missing persons commission in charge of identifying the presence of all the children of Timor-Leste are separated from their families and tell their families.
For four consecutive years no executions were reported. However, at least 12 new death sentences handed down during the year and at least 130 people were in bondage death penalty. In a positive step in October, the Supreme Court reportedly sentenced to death a dealer change narcotics and other illicit drugs (drugs) in August 2011, said the death penalty as a violation of human rights and the constitution. Then in October, it was announced the president has changed the 19 death sentences between 2004 and 2011.
Visits and reports of Amnesty International
Amnesty International delegates visited Indonesia in April, May, and October concluded hampered Reform: Impunity, discrimination and violations by security forces in Indonesia.
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